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Truth Test: The second one GOP debate of the 2024 election | CNN Politics


Seven Republican presidential applicants participated in a debate Wednesday night time in California, whilst the front-runner within the birthday party number one, former President Donald Trump, skipped the talk and as a substitute gave a speech in Michigan amid a strike by means of autoworkers.

The applicants at the debate level made false or deceptive claims about numerous topics together with the border wall, Florida’s training curriculum, the economic system and the struggle in Ukraine.

CNN is fact-checking each occasions.

Former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie stated that Trump “stated he used to be going to construct a wall throughout the entire border” however in truth “constructed 52 miles of wall.” Later within the debate, former Vice President Mike Pence used a far other determine, pronouncing that “we constructed loads of miles of border wall.”

Info First: This wishes context. Each applicants’ claims are defensible; Christie, regardless that, didn’t give an explanation for that he used to be speaking simplest about limitations that have been erected in spots at the southern border the place there had no longer been any limitations sooner than. If you happen to depend all the limitations constructed at the southern border below Trump, as Trump and Pence do, then the entire is way upper – greater than 450 miles.

Listed below are the info.

When Christie says simplest 52 miles of wall have been constructed below Trump, he’s referring only to 1 class of wall development – “number one” wall that used to be inbuilt portions of the border the place no limitations prior to now existed.

When Pence places the determine within the “loads of miles,” he’s regarding all wall development all over the Trump-Pence management. The entire quantity is 458 miles, in line with a federal record received by means of CNN’s Priscilla Alvarez: 52 miles of “number one” wall constructed the place no limitations prior to now existed, plus 33 miles of “secondary” wall that used to be inbuilt spots the place no limitations prior to now existed, plus any other 373 miles of number one and secondary wall that used to be constructed to switch earlier limitations the government says had develop into “dilapidated and/or old-fashioned.”

Whilst some Trump critics have scoffed at this substitute wall, the Trump-era development used to be in most cases a lot more bold than the older limitations it changed, which have been continuously designed to discourage automobiles slightly than other people on foot. Washington Submit reporter Nick Miroff tweeted in 2020: “As any individual who has spent a large number of time in recent times within the shadow of the border wall, I want to puncture this perception that ‘substitute’ sections are ‘no longer new.’ There may be in reality no comparability between automobile limitations constituted of previous rail ties and 30-foot bollards.”

Preferably, Trump, Pence and their critics would all be clearer about what they’re speaking about: Trump and Pence that they’re together with substitute limitations, critics that they’re apart from the ones limitations.

From CNN’s Daniel Dale

Moderator Ilia Calderón requested Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis to handle the descendants of enslaved other people relating to his state’s new requirements on find out how to educate Black historical past in colleges.

Calderón: “Florida’s new Black historical past curriculum says, ‘slaves advanced talents, which in some circumstances, might be carried out for his or her non-public get advantages.’ You’ve got stated slaves advanced talents regardless of slavery, no longer on account of it. However many are nonetheless harm. For descendants of slaves, that is non-public. What’s your message to them?”

DeSantis: “To begin with, that’s a hoax that used to be perpetuated by means of Kamala Harris. We don’t seem to be going to be doing that. 2d of all, that used to be written by means of descendants of slaves, those are nice Black historical past students, so we want to forestall taking part in those video games,” DeSantis stated.

Info First: DeSantis’ declare is fake. Florida’s new requirements for educating Black historical past do come with the clause that Calderón learn out.

In July, the Florida Board of Schooling authorized a brand new set of requirements for a way Black historical past must learn within the state’s public colleges. The factors for center schoolers come with a benchmark that claims, “Instruction contains how slaves advanced talents which, in some circumstances, might be carried out for his or her non-public get advantages.”

When requested in regards to the benchmark in July, DeSantis instructed CNN he “wasn’t concerned.” As an alternative, simply as he did in his reaction this night, he deferred to those that wrote the training requirements.

“You must communicate to them about it. I didn’t do it. I wasn’t keen on it,” DeSantis stated on the time.

Pressed additional on the time, he stated: “I feel that they’re most certainly going to turn probably the most other folks that finally parlayed, you recognize, being a blacksmith into, into doing issues later in lifestyles. However the fact is, all of this is rooted in no matter is factual. They indexed the whole lot out. And in case you have any questions on it, simply ask the Division of Schooling.”

DeSantis has argued that it’s unfair to depict the factors as widely pro-slavery, pronouncing that they’re transparent and detailed in regards to the evils of slavery.

The brand new requirements were criticized by means of civil rights advocates and Black lawmakers. Vice President Kamala Harris additionally criticized the brand new requirements, pronouncing in a speech in July “they made up our minds center faculty scholars might be taught that enslaved other people benefited from slavery.”

From CNN’s Chandelis Duster

Haley and DeSantis went from side to side on fracking, with the previous South Carolina governor claiming DeSantis “banned fracking” on his moment day in place of job.

“Ron DeSantis is in opposition to fracking. He’s in opposition to drilling. He all the time talks about what occurs on day one. You higher be careful as a result of what occurs on day two is when you find yourself in bother. Day two in Florida, you banned fracking. You banned off-shore drilling,” Haley stated.

“That’s not true,” DeSantis retorted, suggesting the ban on off-shore drilling got here from a state constitutional modification.

Info First: Haley is in large part proper. DeSantis didn’t unilaterally ban fracking sooner than the constitutional modification handed, however an government order signed simply days after he took place of job as governor of Florida requires the state to “adamantly oppose all off-shore oil and gasoline actions off each coast in Florida and hydraulic fracturing in Florida.”

And excluding the semantics, Haley’s broader argument about DeSantis’ place on off-shore drilling and fracking is supported by means of his feedback and movements. Throughout DeSantis’ 2018 gubernatorial marketing campaign, he used to be requested if he supported a ban on fracking and he emphatically stated sure. In January 2020, he additionally oversaw the acquire of 20,000 acres of Everglades wetlands by means of the state of Florida to completely give protection to them from oil drilling, which wasn’t caused by means of the constitutional modification in anyway.

From CNN’s Tara Subramaniam

Mike Pence, talking of the Trump-Pence management, claimed that “we diminished unlawful immigration and asylum abuse by means of 90%.”

Info First: That is deceptive. The entire collection of Border Patrol apprehensions, which is extensively used as a proxy for unlawful immigration, used to be in truth upper all over Trump and Pence’s 4 years in place of job than it used to be within the ultimate 4 years of the Obama management, in large part on account of a primary spike in early 2019. So the place did Pence get the meant 90% relief? He didn’t give an explanation for – and didn’t give an explanation for what he supposed by means of “asylum abuse” – however different fact-checkers, akin to the ones at PolitiFact and The Washington Submit, have discovered that you’ll discover a kind of 90% drop in apprehensions for those who examine the month with the perfect Trump-era collection of apprehensions, Would possibly 2019, to the month with the bottom Trump-era quantity, April 2020 – in different phrases, by means of cherry-picking probably the most wonderful get started and finish dates.

The Trump-Pence re-election marketing campaign did equivalent cherry-picking in a tv advert in 2019, claiming Trump had reduce unlawful immigration in part. Details within the advert made transparent that the marketing campaign, too, had began the clock in Would possibly 2019 slightly than from the start of the management.

CNN requested Pence’s marketing campaign two days sooner than the September debate to give an explanation for the maths in the back of this declare. The marketing campaign didn’t reply.

From CNN’s Daniel Dale

Former Vice President Mike Pence slammed President Joe Biden’s financial insurance policies.

“Bidenomics has failed. Wages don’t seem to be maintaining with inflation,” stated Pence, regarding the president’s financial plan.

Info First: Whilst there are a number of tactics to measure inflation and wages, no less than two signs display that Pence’s particular declare about wages is now not true – regardless that it used to be correct for far of Biden’s presidency.

In June, for the primary time in 26 months, US staff’ actual moderate weekly income grew on an annual foundation – by means of 0.7%, in line with a Bureau of Hard work Statistics record, which appears to be like at inflation-adjusted income. That enlargement slowed however remained certain in August, at 0.3%, the latest knowledge to be had, which means that wages persisted to outpace inflation.

Likewise, the bureau’s Employment Value Index confirmed that inflation-adjusted wages and salaries for personal trade staff greater 1.7% for the 365 days finishing June 2023, the latest knowledge to be had.

The quarterly index tracks adjustments in employers’ hard work prices for wages and salaries however isn’t topic to the similar distortions as different measures, akin to moderate hourly income, as it assists in keeping the composition of the personnel consistent.

From CNN’s Tami Luhby

Sen. Tim Scott claimed that his leader of body of workers is the “simplest Hispanic feminine leader of body of workers within the Senate.”

Info First: That is false. Quite a few senators have employed a Hispanic lady to be their leader of body of workers over time, and no less than 3 Hispanic ladies grasp that identify within the present Senate.

Along with Scott’s leader of body of workers, Neri Martinez, New Mexico Democratic Sen. Martin Heinrich introduced in 2019 that he had employed Rebecca Avitia to guide his body of workers. And New Jersey Democratic Sen. Cory Booker employed Veronica Duron in 2021 to supervise his place of job.

From CNN’s Devan Cole

Requested about how he would cope with top kid care prices in america, Scott stated he would decrease American citizens’ taxes. He pointed to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, the 2017 Republican tax package deal that he stated he helped write.

“We in truth reduced a unmarried mom’s taxes by means of 70% at the federal degree and for dual-income families by means of 60%,” he stated. “Then we went a step additional. We doubled the kid tax credit score and made it refundable. Via doing that, extra oldsters had extra assets to make the selections on find out how to care for their circle of relatives.”

Info First: Scott a great deal exaggerated the tax cuts for unmarried moms and married {couples}, and his feedback at the kid tax credit score adjustments want context.

Below the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, the common federal tax relief for unmarried oldsters used to be $1,010, a transformation of lower than 14%, in line with Elaine Maag, a senior fellow on the nonpartisan City-Brookings Tax Coverage Middle. Households in sure revenue brackets noticed better declines of their tax levies. As an example, the ones incomes between $30,000 and $40,000 every year noticed their taxes drop by means of a median of virtually 57%.

For married {couples}, the common tax reduce used to be $3,350, or 9.2%, Maag stated. The ones with earning between $10,000 and $20,000 gained a median tax reduce of 58%, whilst the ones incomes between $20,000 and $30,000 noticed their taxes decline by means of a median of 56%.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act did double the kid tax credit score to $2,000 – briefly. Nevertheless it has been partly refundable since 2001. The 2017 tax package deal briefly greater the refundability, permitting extra low-income households to obtain a bigger credit score.

The Democrats’ American Rescue Plan Act, which handed Congress in 2021, made the kid tax credit score absolutely refundable for three hundred and sixty five days.

From CNN’s Tami Luhby

Throughout a dialogue in regards to the Russian struggle in Ukraine, Christie falsely claimed Biden stated, “a small invasion wouldn’t be so unhealthy.”

Info First: That is deceptive. In a while sooner than the struggle, Biden stuck some flak for drawing a difference between a full-scale invasion and a “minor incursion.” However he by no means stated it could be applicable or “no longer so unhealthy.”

In January 2022, Biden stated: “It’s something if it’s a minor incursion, and we finally end up having to struggle about what to do and no longer do. But when they in truth do what they’re in a position to doing with the forces accrued at the border, it’ll be a crisis for Russia in the event that they additional invade Ukraine.”

CNN reported on the time that Ukrainian officers have been aghast by means of Biden’s advice that america may reply much less aggressively to a “minor incursion” by means of Russian forces. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky even rebuked Biden, pronouncing, “there aren’t any minor incursions.”

However Christie’s retelling of the diplomatic dustup wasn’t reasonably correct. Biden by no means stated {that a} “small invasion” (or a “minor incursion”) “wouldn’t be so unhealthy.”

Moments later all over Biden’s identical press convention in 2022, he stated Russian President Vladimir Putin would “pay a significant and costly value” if there are “Russian forces crossing the border, killing Ukrainian opponents.” Biden persisted to blank up his feedback within the next days, amid the prelude to the Russian invasion.

From CNN’s Marshall Cohen

Pence claimed that “one of the crucial signature accomplishments of our management used to be in only some quick years, we completed power independence.”

“We changed into a web exporter of power for the primary time in 75 years,” he added. “However on day one, Joe Biden declared a struggle on power.”

Info First: That is deceptive on a couple of counts. Throughout transient classes previous to Trump’s presidency, america exported extra oil, gasoline and petroleum merchandise than it imported. Whilst 2019 did mark the primary complete yr the rustic did so, that development has persisted during the Biden management in 2021 and 2022. And by means of no less than one measure, “power independence” is in truth at a document top below Biden.

It’s deceptive for Pence to indicate Biden “declared a struggle on power” as US power manufacturing continues to increase below his management, opposite to widespread Republican claims.

In accordance to the Power Data Management, in 2022, US overall power exports have been the perfect on document, and likewise exceeded overall power imports by means of the biggest margin on document.

Home crude manufacturing within the first six months of 2023, the latest knowledge this is these days to be had, used to be the perfect on document for the primary six months of a yr, and US crude oil manufacturing in 2022 used to be the second-highest on document, in the back of simplest Trump-era 2019.

Herbal gasoline manufacturing in america has additionally persisted to surge below Biden.  US manufacturing of dry herbal gasoline set a brand new document in 2022 or even outpaced 2022 ranges within the first 5 months of 2023.

Moreover, it’s value noting that “power independence” is a political word, no longer a literal word, and it’s one who power trade professionals name ridiculous.

Below Trump, america nonetheless trusted imports of overseas oil and gasoline even if it met probably the most not unusual political definitions of “power independence” – and america continues to satisfy the ones definitions of “power independence” below Biden.

Consistent with the EIA, web US power exports greater from 3.48 quadrillion British thermal unit (Btus) – or “quads” – in 2019 to three.62 quads in 2021, Biden’s first yr in place of job. In 2022, US web power exports set a brand new document at 5.94 quads, and america produced 3.3% extra power than it fed on.

From CNN’s Tara Subramaniam

Throughout his speech, Trump accused President Joe Biden of “individually taking cash from overseas international locations, quit fist. Have a look at the cash he were given from China. Have a look at what’s popping out. China.”

Info First: There’s no public proof that Joe Biden himself made any cash from overseas offers in China or somewhere else. That being stated, Hunter Biden, the president’s son, did earn thousands and thousands of bucks from trade offers in China, Ukraine, and different nations, together with whilst his father used to be vp, elevating conflict-of-interest problems.

This has been one of the vital continual unproven claims from Trump and the congressional Republicans pushing for Joe Biden’s impeachment.

Trump could have been reacting to new disclosures from Area Republicans, who stated Tuesday that they gained documentation of twine transfers the place Hunter Biden indexed his father’s cope with in Wilmington, Delaware, when receiving bills from Chinese language nationals.

Alternatively, the information don’t turn out that Joe Biden gained any cash – and Hunter Biden has lived from time to time at his father’s house, and indexed the cope with on his motive force’s license, in accordance to earlier CNN reporting.

From CNN’s Marshall Cohen

Trump on Biden, Michigan and wheat

Trump scoffed at Biden’s Tuesday talk over with to a United Auto Staff wooden line in Michigan and claiming all over his speech on Wednesday that Biden “had completely no concept what he used to be pronouncing” and “didn’t know the place he used to be.” Trump ironically claimed that Biden stated, “They develop wheat in Michigan.” Trump then added, “That’s Iowa.”

Info First: Trump’s declare is fake in two tactics. Biden didn’t make any feedback on Tuesday about Michigan rising wheat – and Michigan in truth does develop wheat, considerably greater than Iowa. Iowa used to be a pace-setter in wheat farming within the nineteenth century.

This isn’t the primary time Trump has made a false declare about Biden whilst professing to be describing Biden’s personal confusion. In an interview on NBC previous in September, he falsely claimed that Biden had claimed “he flew airplanes,” regardless that Biden didn’t.

From CNN’s Daniel Dale


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